In this article, we offer you a guide to learn how to train basic level obedience exercises on a small scale to your canine. Keep in mind that if you are trying to train yourself to become a professional canine educator, this is not the way. You must inform yourself about the differences between dogs and other animals, as well as dog psychology to obtain the precise qualification.
In this little guide, de we will show you the five stages that make up the basic level of education of all dogs and we will name the exercises that you should perform. Among them, we highlight the clicker load, a fundamental tool for better results. This way, if you do not have a clicker yet, we encourage you to get one with you to practice the orders below. Remember that the key to the good canine educator lies in patience, consistency, and use of positive reinforcement. No dog is born knowing and everyone requires time to internalize orders and changes in behavior. Follow the basic level of canine training to get good results and avoid a scared dog.
Remember that the key to the good canine educator lies in patience, consistency, and use of positive reinforcement. No dog is born knowing and everyone requires time to internalize orders and changes in behavior. Follow the basic level of canine training and tell us the results.
The first stage of the basic level of dog training is to get the desired responses in your dog, generalize them in different places and times, associate them with visual and verbal signals, and eliminate body language so it does not interfere with your signals. For this, it is advisable to start with the exercises that we named below:
Load the clicker
Since the best way to train a dog is through positive reinforcement, the clicker will be your great ally. Do it with him and consult our article in which we detail how to carry out the process. Once you have controlled this tool and know how to use it in dog education, you can start working with your dog on this.
Reinforce Their Name
If your dog is a puppy, without a doubt the first thing you must do is get him to recognize his name. To do this, simply say the name of your dog in different places and situations, and praise or congratulate each time you respond to him.
In general, all dogs tend to follow the food with their eyes, but, if you can not do it you will have to practice this exercise to get it. To do this, place a piece of food in your hand, or a treat, approach the muzzle of your dog, move your hand with food to the right, click with the clicker and offer it to the pet. Do the same exercise to the left, up and down. It is very important that between the click and the food offering pass a few seconds for the dog to associate that if he follows it he gets it.
Call them by name
Even if your dog comes to you when you call him by name, we advise you to look for another word to tell him to come to your call during training or other everyday situations, such as “come”. Since this exercise is really useful, it is interesting to start working from the first stage of the basic level of canine training.
The exercise is simple, take a treat, say “come”, place the treat between your feet, click with the clicker when the animal is heading towards you, let your dog pick up the candy and repeat the process. You should practice the exercise in different rooms of the house for a better result. We follow this strategy to capture the attention of the animal and get it to go without saying the complete order.
Get The Dogs Attention
With this exercise, what we want to achieve is that the animal looks at us from time to time during the walks in order to verify that we are still at his side. In parallel, it will be fundamental to educate the dog to learn to walk with us, following the instructions of our article.
To get us to watch and watch for us, we must practice the exercise outdoors, during the walks. Take the clicker with you, it’s the key to success. So, during the walk, every time your dog turns to look at you click and give a treat to reinforce the behavior. It’s that simple! In time, you should stop offering food and come to congratulate it.
Teach Self Control
With this exercise we want our dog to learn to self-control and not throw itself on us every time we smell the food from our hand, or want to get something we have. To do this, sit on the floor or on a chair, depending on the size of your dog, take a treat, cover it with your hand, close it to the muzzle of the can, let it smell, nibble your hand, the mud, and do everything the possible to get the prize, but do not give it. The moment the animal walks away, no matter the reason, click with the clicker and give the candy. Repeat the exercise until the dog associates the act of walking away with getting what he wants.
At this point, you can enter in the exercise the word “leaves” after showing the dog the candy and before reaching the hand to the nose. Thus, you will get that just by saying the command your dog can move away.
Sit and stay
This order is one of the most basic of canine training, so we include it in the first stage. Teaching our dog to sit will help us in numerous situations of daily life, since we can tell you how you feel before crossing the road, when we have visitors, etc. To get inside, we advise you to consult our article in which we detail how to teach a dog to sit.
In the second stage of the basic level of training, the exercises performed during the first phase should be deepened and slight distractions added, as well as eliminating body language, eliminating food and learning to use other prizes. In this way, you will have to continue practicing the exercises and gradually eliminate the sweets to replace them with gestures that attract your attention, such as slapping and effusive congratulations when you act correctly.
In the case of the “leaving” exercise, to eliminate the food progressively you will have to pass it by showing it in the palm of your hand, the soil or the food bowl of your can so that it learns to control its impulses in any situation. Also, all exercises must be performed in various spaces to offer “distractions”, make orders difficult and get them done at any time.
Teaching your dog to lie down is very simple. First, command him to sit down. Then, take a treat, bring it to the muzzle so he can smell it and immediately lower his hand to his front legs so that he instinctively lies down. At that point, click and offer the treat. If you can not lie down but follow the food with your eyes, click, bring the candy to the snout and slowly lower the hand to follow the food with his body, you will get him to lie down and you can click to give him the reward .
As the dog advances in the exercise and manages to lie down more quickly, you must enter the command “sit” while lying down to associate it with the movement.
Look at me
This exercise is really useful to get your dog’s attention, especially during the training of the rides to walk with you. Getting it is very simple, you should sit in front of your dog with a treat in the hand, as soon as the dog looks into your eyes, click with the clicker and give the treat. Repeat this exercise until you see that your dog is moving forward. At this point, just when your dog looks at you, enter the “look at me” command and follow the exercise guidelines.
What is intended to be achieved during the third stage of the basic level of canine training is to increase the duration of the responses. To do this, you must perform the exercises and mentally say the word “sit” before clicking and reinforcing the behavior. Little by little he goes on to say “one thousand one”, then “one thousand one, one thousand two”, “one thousand one, one thousand two thousand”, and so on until “one thousand five.” If the dog is not able to wait, say “No” and start the exercise again.
In addition to getting the can wait to get your prize, you can work the following new exercises into your arsenal; Walking without pulling the leash. This exercise is essential for quiet, relaxed and uncontested walks. We advise you to consult our article in which we detail the steps that you must follow to teach your dog not to pull the leash.
Properly greet people
Whether we are accustomed to receiving visitors or not, educating the dog so that he does not jump on people and be patient when greeting and welcoming will free us from more of an embarrassing situation.
In the fourth stage of the basic level of canine training, it is intended to increase the duration of responses even more while maintaining their position and get the dog to respond while you perform different activities. You will most likely have more difficulties than in the previous stages to achieve the desired results. Therefore, you must have patience and be constant, remember that educating a dog takes time.
At this stage, instead of mentally telling what you have to do is walk away a few steps to get the dog to stand still while you walk. To do this, you can use the commands to move away five steps and use the command “come”. When you go to him, click and stroke him so that he can interpret that he has done well, as long as he has been lying down while you walked away. If you do not hold the position, start the exercise again. You can work out the different exercises using both sit and stay commands. Since this stage has a greater degree of difficulty, we do not recommend introducing new exercises.
The last stage of the basic level of canine training is to increase the response distance, even if it is only a few steps. Thus, you will get your can obey without having to be stuck to it.
The exercise is simple, you simply have to repeat the process performed during the fourth stage by increasing the number of steps. Remember that at first it will not be easy and your dog will not hold the position during your entire journey. However, with perseverance, patience and positive reinforcement, you will be able to stay still for as long as you want.